Your Guide to Diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2 Explained

Diabetes is a surprisingly common illness with a significant number of individuals suffering from it each year. It is also surprising to learn that there could be another million people who are suffering from diabetes but are unaware for it. There are two main categories of diabetes namely type 1, and type 2 with type 2 being the most common category accounting for almost 80% of all cases.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes manifests itself following the insulin producing cells within the pancreas failing. It is not fully understood why this occurs although it commonly begins in childhood and those who suffer from it will require lifelong insulin replacement through injections. Frequent symptoms of this type of diabetes will include weight loss, frequent trips to the toilet, and excessive thirst.

Type 2 Diabetes

Dissimilar to type 1 diabetes, the pancreas continues to manufacture a degree of insulin but it is not sufficient for the effective operation of the body. This category develops at a much slower pace than type 1 making it much more difficult to diagnose. For the majority of individuals who have type 2 diabetes this can be easily treated with just some simple lifestyle modifications such as reducing your weight, a specific diet, and increased moderate exercise. Type 2 does not ordinarily need to be controlled with insulin injections.

Statistics have shown that 80% of people who live with type 2 diabetes are overweight and a reduction in weight loss will go a long way to cure the problem. Other risks of contracting type 2 diabetes include having a larger waist, a waste of over 32 inches for women and 37 inches for a man has been shown to significantly increase the risk of contracting diabetes. If any of your close relatives such as mother or father suffer with diabetes there is a good chance you will also be a sufferer. As we get older we are far more prone to contracting diabetes and ethnicity is also a factor.

Diabetes causes issues when your sugar levels either raise themselves too high or become too low. There are a significant number potential health problems associated with diabetes. Thankfully however sufferers may minimise the effects of these through controlling the diabetes and undergoing regular checkups which may identify any associated issues at the early stage making a great deal of difference to your long-term health. Research has shown that the principle long-term risks connected with diabetes are heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, vision problems, kidney disease and nerve damage.

If your blood sugar level falls too low sufferers will ordinarily experience sweating episodes accompanied by a shaking, they may also experience tingling sensations. The majority of diabetes sufferers will be aware of the signs which will indicate they will need to eat something containing sugar. If sufferers are to ignore the signals they may run the risk of falling into a coma. High and low sugar levels can lead to unconsciousness and to an outsider you have no way of identifying which is the culprit without first checking blood sugar levels. If you find yourself with a sufferer experiencing these symptoms this is a medical emergency and you should call upon the emergency services immediately.


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